Thursday, April 17, 2014

So...  I seem to have fallen down a bit of a rabbit hole with the cast iron pans.  I somehow have acquired two more skillets and a muffin pan in the past week.  To be fair, I was given one of the skillets and the muffin pan when I was rambling on at work about how cool old cast iron pans are and how awesome they are to cook in.  But I did buy one on my own.

Anyway, to the point of this post: how I clean and season a cast iron pan:

Step 1)  Find a cast iron pan.  This is a Griswold #3 skillet, 6" diameter, made between 1939 and 1944.  I found this in an antique shop here in La Grande on Monday.  It seemed to be in pretty good condition, and wasn't too gunky and rusty, so I bought it.

This isn't the most dramatic pan I could have found to demonstrate, but oh well.  Here it is in as-bought condition, dust and all.

Step 2)  Strip off the old crusty, gunky, sticky, dirty seasoning.  There are a number of ways to do this.
  • One oft-recommended method is to put the pan in the oven and run the self-clean cycle.  This is quite effective at burning off all the organic material from the metal.  You're left with bare metal and a powdery coating of ash which is easily washed off.  The oven will not remove rust.  I used the oven method on a pan in the past, and it stinks up the house. Though it works, and while I got lucky on the one I did, a major drawback is that it could warp or even crack the pan due to the temperature fluctuations of the self-cleaning cycle.  I would not recommend this method, or even worse, the common suggestion to chuck it in a campfire.  Not if you value the pan and want to keep it in good condition.
  • The second oft-recommended way to clean a gunky iron piece is to put it in a trash bag and liberally coat it with heavy duty oven cleaner, then let it sit until the gunk is softened up and will wash right off.  Depending on the depth of gunk, it can take anywhere from a day to a week or more, and it may need to be re-sprayed.  I used this method exactly once, and said never again.  It's horrendously messy.  It worked fine and took the pan down to bare metal without the risk of warping, but great googly, what a mess when opening the bag to take out the piece.  Plus, oven cleaner is primarily lye (sodium hydroxide, NaOH), and it made me very uncomfortable to be spraying that, not to mention dripping it around when trying to get the pan out of the bag and rinsed off.  I wore gloves and eye protection, but I could still smell the fumes and I don't want aerosolized lye in my lungs.  So that method is off the table for me from now on.
  • The third cleaning method, and the one most recommended by cast iron collectors, is to use a lye bath.  I was very hesitant to do this at first, because...lye, eek!.... but really it's fine.  I got a 16-ounce container of lye (drain cleaner, 100% NaOH, no additives) at the hardware store and added it to five gallons of water in a 10-gallon heavy duty lidded rubbermaid bin.  Never do it the other way around: never ever add water to lye, it generates heat and will literally boil up and try to hurt you.  So lye into water, and voila, lye bath.  Then you just toss in the pan carefully place in the pan without splashing, and let it soak until the gunk wipes off.  Easy peasy.  The lye won't harm the iron, so a pan can stay in the lye bath indefinitely, until it's clean and I'm ready to season it. 
Obviously, I'm using a lye bath now.  It's out of the way in my garage and makes no mess. It's still a very hazardous solution though, so I always wear eye protection and long gloves when the lye bath is open, and that area is off limits to children.  I have a lidded bucket of 50/50 vinegar water next to the lye bath, and when the pan is clean I use a plastic scrubby to scrub it off in the lye bath, let it drip a few seconds, then put it into the vinegar bath.  The vinegar neutralizes the remaining lye and all danger is over.

The lye bath can be reused to clean many pans, even if it gets really cruddy and black.  So there you go.  I need to find more pans to clean.

This pan wasn't too bad and only took overnight to get clean in the lye, but one of the others I got was so caked that it's been in the lye almost a week and it still has some crusty spots.  So here you go, a formerly yukky pan, now down to bare metal, ready for re-seasoning.

Step 3)  De-rust, if necessary.  This pan wasn't rusty, but if it had been I would have soaked it in the vinegar solution for up to an hour at a time and scrubbed with steel wool to get off the rust.  Unlike the lye, vinegar will eat away at the metal, and you can't leave it soaking for a long time.  Frequent checks required!

There is an alternative method to getting rust off, which is using electrolysis.  It involves a car battery charger, an electrolyte solution, and a piece of sacrificial metal, and is more expensive and involved than I want to deal with right now.  It apparently works great, though, especially on intricate or heavily rusted pieces.  Plus, no scrubbing.

I don't have any pictures of de-rusting yet, because that piece is still in the lye bath.  Stay tuned.

Step 4)  Re-season.  Once the old seasoning is stripped off and the rust is gone, you're left with bare iron.  Once you're at that point, you need to re-season immediately, or at least get a coat of oil on the pan, because it wants to start rusting right away.  You may get a little flash-rust during drying, but that's ok because it will rub off with the first coat of oil.
  • Start with scrubbing and rinsing well, you can even wash with dish soap (for the last time ever) if you want.  Then dry the pan and put it in a low oven, about 200-225 degrees F, so that all the moisture evaporates.  Put the pan in the cold oven, so it heats up slowly with the oven.  Leave it in for 15-20 minutes.
  • Once the oven is at temperature and the pan is hot, take it out and give it a good coat of oil.  The internet has many people with many strongly-held beliefs about which oil is better than which other oil, but I use solid vegetable shortening (Crisco) and it works fine.  Wipe on a good coat so the whole pan is glistening, inside and out, then take a clean paper towel (or cloth if the surface is rough and shreds paper towels) and wipe it all off.  No, really, wipe it like you want to get all that oil back off.  A very very very thin layer will be left on the metal, and that's all you want.  A thick layer will pool and spot and get sticky.  A thin layer will polymerize evenly and give the hard slick coating you want.
  • Put the pan back in the oven, upside down, and turn it up to 350 F.  You put it upside down so there is minimal contact between the pan and the oven rack, otherwise the bottom of the pan might season unevenly.  You won't need to worry about drips if you wiped the oil off sufficiently.
  • Wait 15-20 minutes, then give the pan another wipe down with a dry cloth, just to make sure there's no excess oil.
  • Put it back in the oven, upside down again, and turn it up to 450F.  Leave it in for 30 minutes once it's up to temperature, then turn the oven off and let it cool completely without opening the oven.
The pan is now seasoned and ready to use.  You can repeat the seasoning process multiple times to build a thicker seasoning layer, but it's not strictly necessary, though I usually do it twice.  The non-stick coating will build up over time as you cook, and the finish will darken.  Cornbread is great to cook in freshly seasoned pans, since it's less likely to stick and helps build the seasoning base.  It might take a little while before eggs will cook well without sticking, but for my Wagner #6 pan, which has been through two coats of oven seasoning, one batch of cornbread, and one batch of fried peppers'n'onions... two fried eggs cooked in 1/2 teaspoon of butter will slide around in the pan. Amazing.

Here's the final seasoned pan.  Isn't it pretty!!  I love it.  This cute little pan is the perfect size for an egg or two.  Or a 2 serving cornbread!   

If you're just re-seasoning one of your own pans that's in reasonable condition, and not one that you dug out of the bottom shelf of an antique store, you may not need to do the whole lye bath/de-rusting thing and take it completely down to bare metal.  You can just scrub really well with soap and hot water to get the majority of the old sticky seasoning off, then rinse, dry, and continue on with Step 4. If the surface is uneven with caked old seasoning, though, you might still want to strip it completely.

After cooking, I don't wash my pans with soap, I just scrape out any food bits, rinse if needed, and wipe it dry.  Then I heat it up gently on the stove to completely dry it and wipe on a very very very thin layer of bacon grease or veggie oil if it's needed.  I usually use bacon grease because I have a little jar right there next to my stove and it's handy.  I heat it until it just barely starts to smoke then turn off the burner, wipe it with a clean towel to make sure there's no excess oil, and leave the pan on the burner to cool slowly. Done and ready for next time.  It took longer to type all that than it actually takes to clean and dry the pan.

I'm a convert, not that I ever used anything but uncoated stainless steel pans anyway.  But eggs are so much more fun to cook in cast iron!  Use your cast iron pans and enjoy them, they're great!

Wednesday, April 09, 2014

Saying that someone needs to get a "clue-by-four" is such a wonderfully expressive phrase.

Tuesday, April 08, 2014

I love "my" thrift store up in Kennewick, Washington. I scored this weekend.

Three cast iron skillets, in pretty good condition, for only $2 each!  Wahoo!

They weren't too gunked up or rusted, as you can see above, but still needed to be stripped and re-seasoned.  These first pictures are of the as-bought condition, before re-seasoning.

The smallest one is a random Korean-made #3 skillet, 8" diameter.  It's nothing special in and of itself and probably not very old (maybe 1980s?), but it's very smooth inside.

The middle size one is a Wagner Ware #6 skillet, 9" in diameter.  This skillet was made some time between 1924 and 1935. (Wow!) It's in good condition, with some minor old rust pitting marks inside, but it's sound and sits perfectly level.

This pan is interesting because it's so much lighter than modern cast iron pans, and much thinner-walled.  It's the lightest of the three I got this weekend.  I hadn't realized before doing my internet research that this is the norm for older pans, since they weren't machine-made.  Makes sense, I guess, since they didn't have to be able to handle the rougher automated manufacture, including machine tumbling.

The largest pan is a Griswold #8, 10.5" in diameter.  This pan was made between 1939 and 1944 (Wow!), and is also lighter and thinner-walled than modern pans, though not as thin as the Wagner Ware.  This is also in good condition, with few blemishes, and sits flat.

Now even though these pans are moderately old, they're not really that rare.  Griswold and Wagner Ware are the "collectible" brands, but these are pretty common models and would usually sell for $20 or less.  However, I'm happy with them (especially for $2!), they will be great for cooking, and look how pretty they cleaned up!

Left to right again, that's the Korean #3, the Wagner Ware #6, an unmarked pan given to me by a friend a few months ago (the interwebs tell me it may have been made by American Brass & Iron out of Oakland, CA, in the 70s/80s), and the Griswold #8. You can see how much smoother the old Wagner Ware and Griswold are, especially compared to the newest one (third from left).

It's pretty humbling to cook with a pan that is 80-90 years old. Imagine how many family meals it has prepared...

And still going strong!

Saturday, March 29, 2014

I gave my new-ish tent a test pitch in the pouring rain last night, because it's been far too long since I've been camping and I couldn't stand it any more.

yard camping in the rain

This is only the second time I've used this tent, a sad situation that obviously must be remedied by many camping trips with Emma this summer.  I've never had it out in the rain, so this was a good chance to see if it leaks.  I also used my new down sleeping bag for the first time, so I was a little nervous about the rain. Wet down is fairly useless.

When I got up at 7am the temp was about 36 according to my little thermometer and there was some ice on the grass, but I woke up cozy, toasty, and dry!

So yes, it was just a tent in the yard and wasn't really camping.  But... I was outside and got to fall asleep listening to the rain on the tent roof, and the wind, and the creek.

It was the best night's sleep I've had in a while- I slept 10 hours!

Tuesday, March 11, 2014

Just in case you were wondering, five pounds of carrots can be washed, trimmed, and sliced/shredded in approximately 5 minutes, using the spiffy attachment for a KitchenAid mixer.

And five pounds of sliced/shredded carrots exactly fills a nine-tray Excalibur dehydrator. Four trays of sliced, five of shredded.

Just in case you were wondering.   :-)

Oh, and Chris asked in the comments for my last post if potatoes are cooked before dehydrating.  Yes, you have to cook potatoes first otherwise they turn purply-black, which is not at all appetizing.  I just blanch the pieces for 3-5 minutes in boiling water, depending on how big the pieces are- you don't want them so done that they're mushy and falling apart, just cooked through.  Lots of things don't have to be blanched before dehydrating (these carrots are raw), but potatoes definitely do.

Sunday, February 09, 2014

Well it has been a while, hasn't it?  I seem to have lost my blogging mojo.  It's been about all I can do recently to keep up with Emma, work, and everything else.  I have been spinning some, but not much else fibery.  If I can get my act together, I'll take some pictures of my finished yarns, because they're very pretty.

Tonight, though, all I had the energy to do was take a picture of my dinner.  I was getting hungry this afternoon along about 5:00, so I wandered into the kitchen to see what I could find.  Sadly, the grocery elves have been slacking recently, and stocks were low.  Funny how that happens.

However, I do have a good store of dehydrated foods.  I also found a can of salmon, and that got me thinking.  From my seemingly bare fridge and pantry I was able to make a FANTASTIC dinner of salmon and corn chowder.

Everything in this recipe except the milk was a stored food, even the cream (frozen when it was on sale around Thanksgiving).  It was wonderful to browse my dehydrated food shelves and have lots of options.  Corn, potatoes, hmmm, how about some carrots?  Ok, peas? Not this time.  Onions, parsley, garlic, yep.

It was relatively quick, too.  From idea to bowl was just under an hour, and that included the soaking time!  Actual time in the kitchen was much less than an hour, since everything was pre-chopped before dehydrating.  Except for sauteing the onions, it was literally just throwing things into a pot and waiting for the magic to happen.

I love it when a plan comes together.

Salmon Corn Chowder
4-6 servings

1.5 cups dehydrated corn
3 cups water
3 T dehydrated onion
1/2 cup hot water
1 tsp bacon fat
1 cup dehydrated diced potato
1/3 cup dehydrated sliced carrot
1 T dehydrated chopped celery
1 T dehydrated parsley
1 tsp dehydrated chopped garlic
4 cups chicken stock (home made, frozen)
14 oz (1 can) salmon, drained and crumbled
1 cup milk
1/3 cup heavy cream

Add the corn and water to a large stock pot and soak for about 20 minutes.  At the same time, add the hot water to the onion in a bowl and rehydrate for 15 minutes.  Drain any excess liquid from the onions into the stock pot, and saute the onions in bacon fat until tender.  Add onions, remaining dehydrated ingredients, and chicken stock to the pot.  Bring to a rolling boil, then cover, reduce the heat, and simmer for about 20-30 minutes, or until all vegetables are cooked and tender.  Add salmon, milk, and cream.  Heat through, stirring well.

Saturday, February 01, 2014

My contribution to the Ninth Annual Blogger's (Silent) Poetry Reading for St. Bridget's Day.

by Sue Brady

Wonder is…
A thought, a flash, a flood,
An instantaneous kaleidoscope of images,
Too complicated to define.

A rocky coast…
Balsam firs draped in fog…
A river of stars across the sky…
Haunting loon voice under the northern lights…
A wren pouring out song…
Pebbles singing as the waves wash the shore…
Sun-warmed blueberries…

Ponderosa and sagebrush perfume in July…
Ridge after ridge of folded hills…
A crescent moon sliver in the dusky coral and teal sunset…
Hoarfrost on tall grass…
Cascading rivers…
The granite bones of the earth…
So much sky…

That feeling,
That tremble in the pit of my stomach,
That catch in my breath,
It’s gestalt.
The magnificent resonance of the universe,
Every part of everything
In one word…
…the truest truth.